Wednesday, September 02, 2009

My favorite sports writer (after J's Theater)...

...Dave Zirin, that is... from 
The Nation, 21 August 2009...

Caster Semenya and the Idiocy
of Sex Testing
By Dave Zirin & Sherry Wolf

World-class South
African athlete
Caster

Semenya,
age 18,
won the
800 meters
in the

International
Association
of Athletics

Federations
World Championships
on August 19.
But her victory was all the more remarkable in
that she was forced to run amid a controversy that reveals the
twisted way
international track and field views gender.
(photo, Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters: Janeth Jepkosgei Busienei of Kenya, left,
Caster Semenya of South
Africa and Jennifer Meadows of Britain display
their medals from the
women's 800 meters at the world championships
on Wednesday [August 19, 2009]).


The sports world has been buzzing for some time over the rumor that Semenya
may be a
man,or more specifically, not"entirely female." According to the
newspaper The Age,
her "physique and powerful style have sparked
speculation inrecent months that she may
not be entirely female." From all
accounts an arduous process of "gender testing" on
Semenya has already
begun. The idea that an 18-year-old who has just experienced the
greatest
athletic victory of her life is being subjecting to this very public
humiliation
is shameful to say the least. Her own coach Michael Seme contributed to
the
disgracewhen he said, "We understand that people will ask questions
because she looks
like a man. It's a natural reaction and it's only human
to be curious. People probably
have the right to ask such questions if
they are in doubt. But I can give you the
telephone numbers of her
roommates in Berlin. They have already seen her naked in the
showers
and she has nothing to hide."


The people with something to hide are the powers that be in track and
field, as well as
in international sport. As long as there have been womens'
sports, the characterization
of the best female athletes as "looking like men"
or "mannish" has consistently been
used to degrade them. When Martina
Navratilova dominated women's tennis and proudly
exposed her chiseled
biceps years before Hollywood gave its imprimatur to gals with
"guns,"
players complained that she "must have a chromosome loose somewhere."


This minefield of sexism and homophobia has long pushed female
athletes into magazines
like Maxim to prove their "hotness"--and
implicitly their heterosexuality. Track and
field in particular has always
had this preoccupation with gender, particularly when it
crosses paths
with racism. Fifty years ago, Olympic official Norman Cox proposed that

in the case of black women, "the International Olympic Committee
should create a special
category of competition for them--
the unfairly advantaged 'hermaphrodites.'"


For years, women athletes had to parade naked in front of Olympic
officials. This has
now given way to more"sophisticated" "gender testing"
to determine if athletes like
Semenya have what officials still perceive
as the ultimate advantage--being a man. Let's
leave aside that being
male is not the be-all, end-all of athletic success. A country's

wealth, coaching facilities, nutrition and opportunity determine
the creation of a
world-class athlete far more than a Y chromosome
or a penis ever could.


What these officials still don't understand, or will not confront,
is that gender--that
is, how we comport and conceive of ourselves--is
a remarkably fluid social construction.
Even our physical sex is far
more ambiguous and fluid than is often imagined or taught.
Medical
science has long acknowledged the existence of millions of people
whose bodies
combine anatomical features that are conventionally
associated with either men or women
and/or have chromosomal
variations from the XX or XY of women or men. Many of these

"intersex" individuals, estimated at one birth in every 1,666 in the
United States
alone, are legally operated on by surgeons who force
traditional norms of genitalia on
newborn infants. In what some
doctors consider a psychosocial emergency, thousands of
healthy
babies are effectively subject to clitorectomies if a clitoris is "too large"

or castrations if a penis is "too small" (evidently penises are never
considered "too
big").

The physical reality of intersex people calls into question the fixed
notions we are
taught to accept about men and women in general,
and men and women athletes in sex-
segregated sports like track and
field in particular. The heretical bodies of intersex
people challenge
the traditional understanding of gender as a strict male/female

phenomenon. While we are never encouraged to conceive of bodies
this way, male and
female bodies are more similar than they are
distinguishable from each other. When
training and nutrition are
equal, it is increasingly difficult to tell the difference
between some
of the best-trained male and female Olympic swimmers wearing
state-of-the
-art one-piece speed suits. Title IX, the 1972 law imposing
equal funding for girls'
and boys' sports in schools, has radically altered
not only women's fitness and
emotional well-being, but their bodies as
well. Obviously, there are some physical
differences between men and
women, but it is largely our culture and not biology that
gives them
their meaning.


In 1986 Spanish hurdler Maria José Martínez-Patiño was stripped
of her first-place
winnings when discovered to have an XY chromosome,
instead of the female's XX,which
shattered her athletic career and
upended her personal life. "I lost friends, my fiancé,
hope and energy,"
said Martínez-Patiño in a 2005 editorial in the journal
The Lancet.

Whatever track and field tells us Caster Semenya's gender is--
and as of this writing
there is zero evidence she is intersex--it's
time we all break free from the notion
that you are either "one or
the other." It's antiquated, stigmatizing and says far more

about those doing the testing than about the athletes tested.
The only thing suspicious
is the gender and sex bias in
professional sports. We should continue to debate the

pros and cons of gender segregation in sport. But right here,
right now, we must end sex
testing and acknowledge the fluidity
of gender and sex in sports and beyond.


[Dave Zirin is the author of A People's History of Sports
in the United States
(The New Press) Receive his column every
week by emailing dave@edgeofsports.com.
Contact him at
edgeofsports@gmail.com.]

[Sherry Wolf is an independent journalist the author of
the new critically praised book
Sexuality and Socialism
(Haymarket Books). She is currently organizing for the
October
march for Marriage Equality in Washington DC]


Endnote:
• "Gold Awarded Amid Dispute Over Runner’s Sex" 20 August 2009, NYT.
"Inquiry About Runner Angers South Africans" 25 August 2009, NYT
My favorite pull-quote from this article. I read this over the back of a seat
while on the train to NY and had to find the article:
"
We are not going to allow Europeans to define
and describe our children.” said Leonard Chuene,
the president of Athletics South Africa,
speaking about the case of Caster Semenya."
• "Runner Caster Semenya has heard the gender comments all her life"
LA Times reporting from Johannesburg, South Africa, 21 August 2009

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ร่างกายตามธรรมชาติ ทำให้ท่านสัมผัสได้ถึงรูปร่างที่กระชับแล้วก็เรียบเนียนขึ้นในทันทีข้างหลังการดูแลรักษา โดยไม่เป็นผลใกล้กันใดๆก็ตามต่อสุขภาพรวมทั้งสามารถดำเนิน
ชีวิตตามธรรมดา โดยไม่ต้องพักรักษาตัว


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At 4:13 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

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At 4:13 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

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At 4:13 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة Is one of the best companies currently located in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia. Since the company started its activities more than twenty years ago, it has endeavored to develop all its services and made sure to provide the best service at the highest level of quality in cleaning and disinfection at the lowest prices possible. The company believes that the company's employment is a mirror that reflects the efficiency of the company that boasts of it. The worker must be confident and credible to provide the customer with everything he can provide. JAL cleaning and sterilization found in شركة تنظيف منازل بالمدينة المنورة .
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شركة نقل اثاث بينبع Is one of the largest furniture transport companies in the city of Yanbu, which is known for providing services at the highest level and the company always offers offers and discounts and wonderful offers on the cost of services and this is what surprises customers and make them always put them the only choice for them, we have a professional team of carpenters who oversee the distinguished operations Dismantling and installing furniture and repair and maintenance of any fractures, as the company has workers polishing furniture and wooden furniture with effective polishes to remove the dirt from the layers of paint and make the furniture bright shiny like new, after the completion of cleaning the workers of evil Of furniture with materials encapsulates the strength and durability to protect the furniture from the external shocks or natural factors such materials are available only from within شركة نقل عفش بينبع
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At 4:14 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

The task of moving a catcher needs to rely on شركة نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة It is specialized and has a long history in this field, helping it to carry out the task of transporting the baggage without causing any problems. Among the precautions taken by the company during transport of the luggage are the following: High-quality packaging materials to ensure that no problems are encountered during transport, the luggage is loaded into the car very carefully so as not to be subject to any problems during transportation. The luggage is re-connected to the place where it is transported and the packaging that is placed on the pallet is removed. During transportation. , All the transferred items are written to make sure that there is no defect in the piece, therefore you will ensure the transfer of the baggage without being exposed to any problems during transportation, شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة .
Is characterized by شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة With the experience and efficiency in the task of cleaning, as it uses the best equipment and the latest in addition to many aspects that focus on them to ensure that the cleaning is done to the fullest, and the most important things that you find in the fast service company and nowhere else find the following: It depends on the best detergents that can eliminate stains and smears, follow a certain system in the cleaning task; for this reason it ensures that it reaches the best results, depends on the latest methods such as steam cleaning method which proved its efficiency in the cleaning work, During which to eliminate all germs and The bacteria that are present in the place and maintain the health of the present, possess the best specialized perfumes that you can only find شركة نظافة بالمدينة المنورة.
that شركة تخزين اثاث بالمدينة المنورة It can store any quantity of furniture even if it is huge. This is because the company owns large warehouses divided into many sections. It packs and puts furniture in cars and is transported to the stores equipped with the highest level and has the latest means of monitoring. شركة تخزين عفش بالمدينة المنورة You will get satisfactory results without having to pay a lot of money in return
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The task of moving furniture from one place to another can not be done by anything, but it must rely on a specialized company such as شركة نقل اثاث بينبع ، As it will provide you with assurance that the furniture transfer works will be done well and will not be exposed any piece of the pieces to any problems during the transfer of furniture. In addition, it will carry out a comprehensive inspection of all parts before and before the transfer. The best packaging tools are used in this task. you only have to communicate with شركة نقل عفش بينبع .
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At 4:14 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

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At 4:14 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

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At 4:15 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

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At 4:15 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

Al-Najah Company is one of the most distinctive things about Al-Ahsa cleaner company. Cleanliness of furniture, and some individuals are responsible for the operation of devices, whether pumping devices or suction, and there is a team responsible for the process of sterilization air conditioners , Our team is considered one of the best teams because of its vast experience over many years in this field, skill and high efficiency, and fast and perfect performance. The nature of the work of the team and what may be seen when carrying out its mission, and we have a team of women to be at the service of our valued customers so as not to worry about the entry of the team of men to come home in the presence of women and housewives.
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At 4:15 AM, Blogger kayan web said...

House cleaning company in Hail represents the best and ideal solution for specialized and distinctive cleaning of all pieces of furniture and house rooms no matter the number of floors of the house and the number of rooms, where we work through a team trained on modern methods of cleaning using the latest steam cleaning machines that give outstanding results in cleaning sofas, boards, carpets and rugs It is also used to clean curtains and furnishings.Ceramic floors, chimneys and hoods are cleaned from hard fat stains and rust stains safely and completely.We also provide marble polishing services by providing the latest Italian marble polishing machines with the best types of detergents Its excellent cleaning and disinfecting houses cleaning company examples in Hail is the best choice and cheaper.
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